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    The English text below is a machine-translation of the Swedish original text above
ancient imitation and knowledge about them to be obtained by comparing words in preserved old nordic inscriptions with the contemporary, or an occasional glimpse of ancient writing practices.
Maple-writing of the kind which we might call clan and numbering-writing follows thereafter in three shifts. Clan and numbering script are based on the futhark into three lineages, and represents an intended rune primary by specifying the clan to which it belongs, and then, what number it has in this clan. At this earlier time, usually third clan, Tyr's clan, t b m l R, designated as 1, the first clan, Frejs clan f u þ o r k as the 3 second clan, Hagal kin, hnias, was in all cases 2 clan. This order is explained if one assumes that the futhark, which formed the carvers regulation, provided a mirror writing, such as the old Nordic runic alphabet in Vadstena bracteate, which itself occurs in the casting of the right turning writing, then: R l m b t : s a i n h : k r o þ u f. This makes it natural that the clan, which begins with the f-rune, Frejs clan, described as the third, was of course in a third room for the carver, who was accustomed to reading from left to right. The runes themselves, who were turned to the left, he read from right to left, where they could keep their numbers. In one case, there is thus only bmlR imputed to Tyrs clan, in the t added Hagal hnias clan, so that this would become hniast with as many runes as Frejs clan  f u þ o r k. 
The first type of clan- and numbering writing is twig-

runes, in which a bar at one end, have 1-3 small-dash, to identify the intended runes clan, in the second end, addressed to the other side, are there necessary number of small-dash for its number. 
The second type of clan- and numbering-writing is a compilation of character with the appearance of Z to denote clan, and S to denote the number of the clan, thus ZZZSSS 3: 3 for ž; it is the old nordic rune ї. 
The third type consists of short lines from top to denote clan and the old nordic o-rune to designate the number.
Yet artful are the cross of twig runes of different nature, which appear on the top and rear top portion, and strange is also the twig-rune in the midst of the old nordic runes, which has 3 twigs to the left and 4 on the right, but because of the context, must mean þ. 
It is an astonishing rune-knowledge, which the carver shows for the spectator, and not only use different forms and uses of runic character but also various numbering of clans and divisions of the runic alphabet. 
No wonder that the inscription interpretation seemed different for different researchers and there is still produced new interpretations. I would like to give the translation, which seems to me the most probable and which I have given reasons for in the book Östergötlands runic inscriptions. 
»After Vaemod stand these runes, but Varen, father, wrote them after his dead son. Tell the people the memory, which the two war booty were, which were taken as

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